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CORFU ISLAND, the landscape.

Corfu, the northernmost island in the Ionian Sea and the westernmost part of Greece, is the second biggest of the "eptanissa" (seven islands) or Ionian Islands after Cefalonia, with an area of 592 sq. kilometers. The island forms the largest part of the nome which bears its name. The nome also includes the Diapondia Isl., the offshore islands of Othoni, Erikousa and Mathraki to the north, and Paxi (Paxos) and Antipaxi to the south.

Located as it is at the entrance to the Adriatic Sea, Corfu is closer to Italy than any other Greek territory and very near shores of Epiros, and Albania, being separated from the latter by a channel which is a mere two kilometers wide at its narrowest point.
The island is elongated in shape, broadening out at the north end, where most of the mountains are situated. The biggest peak, Mount. Pantokrator (906 m.) in the north-east, can probably be identified with the ancient Istone. West of that stand Mount. Vistonas, craggy and precipitous, and the slightly Alakli which overlooks Paleokastritsa. Another chain of hills runs more or less down the centre of the island, reaching its highest point at Agioi Deka (579 m). The southern part of the island, which is all flat apart from the densely-vetaded Clomos (330 m), includes the elongated Lake Koryssia near the west coast.
The coastline of Corfu is very varied: much of the west coast is rocky, while the eastern and northern (Roda, Acharavi) shores are gentler and flatter on the whole.
The east coast has a number of natural harbours, (Kassiopi, Kouloura, Kalami).
Little islets offshore add further to the beauty of the coastline (Vidos, Pontikonissi-Mouse Island etc). Some of them are no more than small rocks, which are associated in folklore with the story of Odysseus and his visit to the island.
Without a doubt one of the main features of landscape of Corfu is its dense vegetation, a cascade of greens of every hue setting each other off in an unending interplay of contrasting tones. Elsewhere in Greece the greenery fades or withers away altogether during the arid summer months, but on Corfu it is always fresh. Olive trees predominate -but the scenery is refreshingly varied with a liberal sprinkling of cypresses, a fair number of palm-trees, and shrubs of various kinds.
We'll see more about as we tour the island!!!

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